World building is very useful guide in creating your world in the story that you’re writing. It is basically the essence and foundation of science fiction or fantasy story as well as the basis of sense of place in all other genres. Good world building can lead to richness in your writing while giving valuable information to your readers allowing them to know deeper the characters in the story and the plot lines. How writers must proceed on the world building to their fiction then? Well to learn more about this subject, we will be breaking this idea into 3 main categories which is, imaginary worlds, alternate reality and actual locations.
With imaginary worlds, the construction of the entire fictional universes is primarily found in fantasy genres, in alternate reality, it re-imagine the details of our world, which is more popular to writers whose focus is in science fiction and lastly, actual locations is the invocation of real place of our world that is used in novels without using any fantasy elements.
Creating an imaginary world is one of the most challenging and daunting types of world-building. In most cases, it is what used in science fiction and fantasy where the writer is thinking of everything in their world from the very start which can be anything from geography, lore, language, history, characters, politics, religion and social customs.
It does makes sense that creating these said elements to build the fictional world can be hard and challenging as well and being able to decide where it should start is sometimes impossible. If you want some inspiration, you can look at some of the universes built by famous authors such as J.R.R Tolkien, J.K. Rowling and many other great writers/authors.
We all know that not all writers are as imaginative, talented and creative as those two above and will be able to create a functional language but at least, this gives them a head start. One great place to start in building your world is by pinpointing one aspect of your imaginary world to which you are most interested in. Never underestimate this for the reason that this can help in building your story and at the same time, describe your world in which your readers will be captivated.
After you get the hang of it, you have to start working out on the details that will convince people and remain consistent in your imaginary world. One way to get this done is to simply ask few questions that are related to the elements of your world. Do this exercise as if you’re describing your country or home to someone else who knows totally nothing about it.